There are over 1000 studies on unconscious* bias.
*Note: Scientists are more likely to use the term implicit bias or implicit attitudes. They are also sometimes referred to as non-conscious bias, automatic bias, and unintentional bias.
*Note: Scientists are more likely to use the term implicit bias or implicit attitudes. They are also sometimes referred to as non-conscious bias, automatic bias, and unintentional bias.
Philosophers and psychologists alike have known for a long time that people often have thoughts and feelings that they do not report verbally, and of which they may be unaware. What is profoundly new, therefore, is not the discovery of “hidden prejudices” per se, but rather the ability to measure them scientifically. Advancements in measurement techniques have shown implicit biases to affect many kinds of behavior—even the behavior of those who intend to be unprejudiced, to be pervasive across populations, and to have many damaging consequences.”
Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul, Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology, Oxford University Press, 2016
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